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post #11 of (permalink) Old 12-09-2006, 09:59 PM Thread Starter
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The Overhook Snap and Underhook Snap

Originally Posted by ShootBoxer
Please elaborate a bit more on these two techniques when you have time bro? Thanks.
Sure... Actually, it is 3 techniques. These are all designed to allow you an opportunity to leave the clinch. Unfortunately when you find yourself in the clinch situation, getting out of it can be a risky proposition. If you happen to be tied up with an opponent who likes working inside the clinch, then you can't arbitrarily leave it at any moment without risking large amounts of damage from strikes, or opening yourself up to a takedown or re-clinch. By using the following techniques, you should be able to create an opportunity to escape in a way that limits the retaliatory options of your opponent and also set up your own counter attack.

We are going to set the situation as this: You have your opponent tied up in an Over-Under Clinch with your left arm in the Overhook position, right arm in the Underhook position, left leg forward with your base rooted down, and your head is positioned on the same side of your opponent as your overhook arm (so your head would be on the right side of the opponent, your opponent's head is on your right side). I'll list the instructions for these techniques off the left-side lead, but just like all the other techniques I've listed it can (and should) be drilled using a opposite side lead.

The Overhook Snap - The Overhook Snap is a standing shoulder lock similar to the one shown in Brazilian Jiu-Jitsu: Submission Grappling (technique #25). To execute the Overhook Snap:
1) Swim your left arm over your opponent's right arm, making sure to hook it at the elbow/crux of the arm where it bends.
2) After you've set the position of you overhook, step back with your right leg to begin turning your body in a clockwise motion.
3) While turning your body clockwise, reach under with your right hand and grab your left hand in a palm-to-palm grip.
4) When the grip is established, shoot your left hand across your body toward your right while using your right hand to assist in levering your opponent's elbow across your body. You want to do this in a quick and ballistic manner in order to wrench his elbow and shoulder. This is the reason why it is called a "snap" and not a turn or whizzer. The torque you are planning to use is generated by the simultaneous actions of stepping back, turning your body, and the levering of both your arms against your opponents arm and shoulder.

What you do next depends on your opponent. Most opponent's will try to pull their arms out (it's the natural human response). If you feel your opponent is trying to pull their arm out, do this:
1) Release the grip you have on their arm. This should unbalance them.
2) Push your opponent away at their shoulder/head as they are pulling back, unbalancing them further.
While they are still moving backwards, you can step back and re-orient yourself for a standing engagement (get your wind, re-think your strategy, etc). Or you can attack them while they are off balance with a punching combination, a low kick, or a shot. If you catch your opponent while they are still off balance moving backwards, your chances of successfully scoring increases.

If the opponent doesn't try to pull their arm out, but instead gets closer to you to lessen the angle of leverage on their elbow, you can do one of these options:
1) Dig the overhook in deeper for a whizzer, and while still using your body and footwork to turn clockwise lower your base and drive your opponent down. This will take them down next to you.
2) Pull guard and work a shoulder crank from the guard position a la' Frank Mir vs Pete Williams. You may end up with a submission.
3) Step back into your opponent (bringing your body counter-clockwise) with your right foot and hit a head and arm takeover. Or pancake them by switching to a figure-4 grip, draping your right arm across your opponent's throat while stepping through them.

The Underhook Snap - This is akin to the standing armbar shown in Brazilian Jiu-Jitsu: Submission Grappling (technique #20). To execute the Underhook Snap:
1) Swim your right arm up and over your opponent's left arm. You right arm should be coming up right above their left elbow, and your neck should be catching their arm around the wrist.
2) Step back with your left foot to turn your body in a counter-clockwise motion.
3) While turning your body counter-clockwise, reach over with your left hand and secure a grip on your right hand.
4) When your grip is established, you want to shoot your right hand down across your body in a ballistic fashion from your right shoulder toward your left hip. Again this is done in a quick, snapping motion and is assisted by the torque of your body turning and your left foot circling out.

Again - At this point, what happens next depends on your opponent. If your opponent tries to pull their arm out, release the grip and push them away at the head or ribs off their left side. You can either re-orient yourself or attack them while they are off balance exactly like you would with the Overhook Snap. If your opponent doesn't pull his arm out and instead tries to step in closer to you, the techniques are a little different due to the limb positions. Here are a few options:
1) The opponent steps in and actually manages to secure a scarf hold/headlock with their left arm. Well, you can suplex your opponent to bring them down. You can spin into them and roll them over your shoulder to bring them down. You can use a forearm wedge to push them off. You can slip behind them and set the hooks while you break their base to attain back mount. Really, the head lock is so basic to the point that they would be doing you a favor by going for it.
2) Switch to a figure-4 grip and drape your left arm across your opponent's throat and pancake them by stepping your right foot back and dropping levels.
3) Switch to a figure-4 grip and drape your left arm across the back of their neck, continue stepping back with your left leg and torque them counter-clockwise. While you bring them around with their head and arm, knee them to the face, throat or solar plexus with your left leg.

By using the Overhook or Underhook snap, you may not be gauranteed a submission, but you can discourage your opponent enough to give them cause to disengage you. By using that moment, it allows you the opportunity to leave the clinch or continue your own attack. I will address the Bump and Head Rest in a later post.

Brazilian Jiu-Jitsu Submission Grappling Techniques by, Royler Gracie
Savage Strikes and The Clinch by, Mark Hatmaker

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