hort-term endurance training results in a muscle-specific decrease of myostatin mRNA content in the rat.
* Matsakas A,
* Friedel A,
* Hertrampf T,
* Diel P.
Department of Molecular and Cellular Sports Medicine, German Sport University Cologne, Carl-Diem-Weg 6, 50933 Cologne, Germany.
AIM: Myostatin has been characterized as a negative regulator of skeletal muscle growth. To examine a probable function of myostatin during the adaptation of skeletal muscle in response to training, we analysed the effect of short-term endurance training on myostatin and insulin-like growth factor-I (IGF-I) mRNA contents in rat skeletal muscles. To assess the impact of the training stimulus, mRNA levels of metabolic genes were analysed simultaneously. METHODS: Male Wistar rats were trained for 5 days by swimming, while another group remained untrained. Myostatin, IGF-I, glucose transporter 4 (GLUT4), hexokinase II (HK II) and hydroxyacyl-CoA dehydrogenase (HAD) mRNA levels were determined by real-time reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) in gastrocnemius, vastus lateralis and soleus muscles. A time course experiment was conducted, in order to examine transient changes of myostatin mRNA contents in gastrocnemius 7 and 24 h after one-swimming session as well as 24 h after a 3-day swimming training. RESULTS: No significant changes in IGF-I and GLUT4 mRNA levels were found in any of the muscles analysed. mRNA contents of myostatin were significantly reduced in gastrocnemius and vastus lateralis but not in soleus. In agreement to this pattern, we found significantly higher mRNA levels of HK II and HAD in the trained group. The time course experiment revealed significantly reduced myostatin mRNA contents in gastrocnemius 7 but not 24 h post-exercise. The 3-day swimming training resulted also in significantly lower myostatin mRNA levels in the trained group. CONCLUSION: This study demonstrated that short-term endurance training may modulate myostatin mRNA levels, implying a probable role of myostatin in remodelling of skeletal muscle in response to training.